Adoption of material attributes after importing

Hello to everyone here in the forum!
As I am new to blender I have a general question regarding importing and materials:

Is it possible that an object (which consists of different materials) automatically adopts the settings of an existing material (in blender) when they both have the same name?

For example:
A scene (a house) has been imported via 3ds to blender and all the materials have been adjusted. Later the initial modelling was changed and imported again into blender.
Only geometries were changed, materials remained the same.
Can these materials automatically adopt the settings of the “same-named” and already adjusted materials in blender?

When I tried this out blender always renames the new imported materials.

Thanks in advance for your replys,