Hey guys
I have a homework assignment today and need serious help with it. I don’t necessarily want the answers, but rather the steps or ideas to solve the problem
Thanks!

(2 Points) Write a python function howMany(item,lst) which accepts an item and a lst of items and returns the number of times item occurs in lst. For example, howMany(3,[1,2,3,2,3]) should return 2.

(2 Points) Write a python function upTo(n) which accepts a nonnegative number n and returns a list of numbers from 0 to n. For example, upTo(3) should return the list [0, 1, 2, 3].

(2 Points) Write a python function duplicate(lst) which accepts a lst of items and returns a list with the items duplicated. For example, duplicate([1,2,2,3]) should return the list [1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3].

(2 Points) Write a python function dotProduct(a,b) which accepts two lists of integers a and b that are of equal length and which returns the dot product of a and b. I.e., the sum a0 * b0 + … + an1 * bn1 where n is the length of the lists. For example:
dotProduct([1,2,3],[4,5,6]) is 14 + 25 + 3*6 = 4 + 10 + 18 = 32 
(2 Points) A pair (exp0, exp1) is a combination of expressions that are attached together by their joint membership in the pair. For example: >>> (1+2, ‘This’)
(3, ‘This’)
A component of a pair can be obtained using an index in brackets as with lists (and strings!). For example: >>> (33,44)[0]
33
Write a function zip(lst1, lst2) such that zip accepts two equal length lists and returns a list of pairs. For example, zip([‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’], [10, 20, 30]) should evaluate to the list [(‘a’, 10), (‘b’, 20), (‘c’, 30)]. 
(2 Points) Write a function unzip(lst) such that unzip accepts a list of pairs and returns two lists such that lst == zip(unzip(lst)). For example, unzip([(‘a’, 10), (‘b’, 20), (‘c’, 30)] should evaluate to the pair ([‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’], [10, 20, 30]).

(2 Points) Write a python function isAscending(lst) which accepts a nonempty list of integers and returns True if the numbers in the list are in ascending order. Otherwise it should return False. For example, isAscending([1]) should evaluate to True while isAscending([1,2,2]) should return False.