Resolution for Movies or TV films

I need to know wich is the format and resolution for a movie made for Television or Cinema.

That depends entirely on where in the world you are.

Pal = 25 frames per second
NTSC = 29.970 frames per second
Film = 24 frames per second

You can work at 4:3, 16:9 2.35:1, 1.85:1 or all sorts of aspect ratios.

Are you working for tv, and if so regular, dvd, high definition?

What will you do with it in the end? Does it need to go onto vhs, dvd, or onto a DV tape?

Also what sort of interlacing it required.

And next to the regular height/width aspect ratio, do you need to take pixel aspect ratio into account (for dv tape that’s a good idea)… TV pixels aren’t square like computer monitor pixels.

Also NTSC uses a different set of colors to PAL… and there’s region sub-rulesets as well.

Here’s a few formats:
PAL DV (720x576, 25.000 fps)
PAL DV Widescreen (720x576, 25.000 fps)
PAL Square Pixel (768x576, 25.000 fps)
NTSC DV (720x480, 29.970 fps)
NTSC DV Widescreen (720x480, 29.970 fps)
HD 720-24p (1280x720, 23.976 fps)
HD 1080-24p (1920x1080, 23.976 fps)

As you can see the square pixel, regular dv and widescreen all have the same ammount of pixels… The difference is in the aspect ratios. (as in how much each pixel is streched during playback.

I hope I confused you cause it confuses the hell out of me. It’s not easy to figure it all out.

My solution is normally… work at (your area’s frame rate) square pixel 4:3 or 16:9 and render at a much higher nr of pixels than you need, so not 720X480 but double that for instance… then later on it can always be re-rendered. (for tv production that normally happens anyway)

Either… really do some research and do it absolutely right… or just use my type of method and tell people that’s what you deliver… they can sort out the final render. (you can always ask the customer what they want/need)

thank you!!!