Vertex Painting problems.

First, let me say that I am completely new and clueless to the basic ins and outs of Blender. Also, I have more than one question, but all pertaining to painting.

Now…I cannot see any details when I paint in Vertex mode.
All I can see is the wash out of colors, like the picture below.
For me to paint in specific areas I have to hit the “F” key which shows me all the details, and then I have to remember where those areas are after hitting the “F” key again to go back the regular vertex mode. How can I paint and see everything at the same time?

Also, how do I view all parts colored in Texture mode? I can only see the ones selected.
Also, it won’t render any of the colors.

Thank you and I preemptively apologize for being a nooblord.