What kills BVH calculation times?


I’m sorry if this has already been asked, I tried searching for BVH in the search bar and found no responses, so might be asking the wrong things…

I’m trying to work out what the best ways to bring down BVH calculation times. I’m rendering an animation in a relatively simple scene, but BVH calculation takes about 5 minutes/frame when the actual cycles render passes go by in literally 15 seconds… I’ve clicked to get the bvh into the cache, but blender keeps calculating the BVH every frame anyway.

My question is: what slows down BVH calculation the most? What can I do to speed it up?

thanks to all who respond!

BVH build is very hard to run on parallel threads, i am not familiar with algorithm used by Cycles, some more in BSP, and it take a lot of resources, espesially when subdivision used. May be some high-level coarse grid (like 16x16x16 or less) can help, at least we can run builder in different cells in parallel.

You have to understand what BVH is.
The BVH is a Bounding Volume Hirarchy - basically a list with nodes that hold other nodes enclosing geometry.

Let’s simplify - imagine you got a cube and cut it in half. Now you cut those halfes into halfs again.
If you shoot a ray at your cube now and it hits one of the quads you created you can discard checking the stuff in the other 3 quads for ray intersection.

So caching the BVH to the disk only makes sense for static objects. If somethings not moving you don’t have to create a new BVH. e.g. a turntable animation. Only the camera, the source of the rays moves, the object stays the same, thus you can re-use the prior calculated BVH cached to the disk.

If you have lot’s of static objects and only a few moving, you use cached and dynamic BVH. It’ll not make one huge BVH over the whole scene, but for individual objects. So if you have a road, lots of trees and a moving car, only the BVH of the car will be updated when it’s moving - dynamically - the BVH of the trees and the road will be taken from the disk cache.

And if you have highly complex objects that aren’t moving you also turn on spatial splits.

So depending on your scene you choose either dynamic or static BVH, disk caching if you run dynamic BVH and most likely no spatial splits in either case.

I don’t know how cycles really works either, but that’s the general idea of acceleration structures to speed up the lookup for ray-object intersection. Else you’d have to search the whole geometry. This way you check does it hit the left or right cube? oh. the left one… drop the right one completely. does it hit the left half of the left cube or the right one? The right one? kk. drop the left part again.
Otherwise you’d had to check all triangles of the object if the ray hits it.

Blender Internal does the same thing, there it’s an octree structure.

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